First step to know that what is pancreas? It is the organ of our body which is 6 inches long and located in the back of the belly. Head of the pancreas is right side of the belly and connected to the duodenum which is the upper end of the small intestine. It makes pancreatic juices, hormones and insulin in our body. Pancreatic juices helping in digest food and insulin control our blood sugar.

Causes of cancer: It is not infectious disease so that no one can catch it from another person. Scientists do not know exactly causes of the pancreatic cancer they are learning right now. A researcher says that Smoking is a major risk factor of it and shows that cigarette smokers develop cancer of the pancreas two to three times more than nonsmokers. So smoking is the major factor for pancreatic cancer, lung cancer, and a number of other diseases.

Symptoms: If the cancer grows and spread out so pain developed in the upper abdomen and sometimes to the back. It causes vomiting, loss of hunger, weight loss, and weakness. The other type of pancreatic cancer called island cell cancer in which it produce too much insulin or hormones so that person feel weak or dizzy, feel chills, muscle spasms or diarrhea.

Treatment: Treatment for this is depends upon person’s disease type, size, and extent of the tumor as well as the patient's age and general health. Cancer is curable when it found in its earliest stage then it’s become very difficult to cure.

First treatment is surgery, it can remove all parts of the pancreas and necessary to remove a portion of the stomach, the duodenum, and other nearby tissues. This type of surgery called “Whipple procedure”. Sometimes it can not remove all cancer cells that time other treatments given to patient.

1: Radiation therapy: In this therapy uses high-powered rays to damage cancer cells and stop them from growing. It is given to patient 5 days a week for 5 to 6 weeks and not need to stay in the hospital. Radiation therapy can help reduce pain and digestive problems when the common bile duct or duodenum is blocked.

2: Chemotherapy: It is uses drugs to kill cancer cells doctor may uses only one drug or a mixing of drug. It is given by mouth or injection so its travel in body through bloodstream. It is given in cycles like a recovery period, treatment period or so on.

3: Biological therapy: It is a form of treatment which can uses portions of the body's natural immune system to treat a disease. Biological therapy is also used to protect the body from some of the side effects of certain treatments. It is often involve the use of substance which called biological response modifiers and body produces these in small amounts in reaction to infection and disease. Now modern laboratory techniques and scientists can produce BRMs in large amounts for use in the treatment of cancer and other diseases.For more information click here.